20 March 2019
A team of accelerator science and technology experts at STFC’s Daresbury Laboratory are to play a major role in the development of PIP-II – a giant proton beam particle accelerator being created at America’s Fermilab.
The Daresbury Laboratory experts will provide superconducting Radio Frequency (RF) cavities and assembled cryomodules.
An RF cavity is a metallic chamber that contains an electromagnetic field. Its primary purpose is to accelerate charged particles. The cavities for PIP-II are to be made from very high purity Niobium material, cooled to cryogenic temperatures (a chilly -150˚c or less) to accelerate particles to almost the speed of light. The cryomodules will keep them at the correct operating temperature.
Daresbury Laboratory is renowned for its world-class accelerator expertise, and the work for PIP-II will be performed as part of the UK’s £65 million investment in Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF)/DUNE and PIP-II.
PIP-II, Proton Improvement Plan II, is being created at Fermilab – one of America’s leading national accelerator laboratories.
PIP-II will provide megawatt power proton beams from an innovative linear accelerator.
Based on superconducting radio frequency technology, it will propel protons in either continuous or pulsed mode with very high efficiency, to make the most intense beam of high-energy neutrinos in the world for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) – which aims to further our understanding of the origin and structure of the universe.
When PIP-II goes live it will power the next 50 years of research at Fermilab.
Watch Fermilab’s video: PIP-II: the heart of Fermilab
When complete, PIP-II and the entire LBNF/DUNE project will be used by scientists and researchers from around the world.
The PIP-II project was officially launched on Friday 15 March at a ground breaking ceremony at Fermilab near Chicago. British Consul-General for Chicago, John Saville, represented the UK Government and the STFC PIP-II project leader, Professor Peter McIntosh represented the Daresbury delivery team.
Last updated: 20 March 2019